|Alstom Movia R151|
|Constructed||Changchun Alstom Railway Vehicles|
|Number built||636 vehicles (106 trainsets)|
|Formation||6 cars per trainset
|Depot(s)||Bishan, Changi, Tuas and Ulu Pandan|
|Line(s) served||North South Line & East West Line|
|Doors||8 per car|
|Electrification||750 V DC Third rail|
|Signalling||Thales SelTrac CBTC|
|Track gauge||Standard Gauge (1435mm)|
The Alstom Movia R151 Train is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train procured by Singapore’s Land Transport Authority (LTA) to serve on the North South Line and East West Line. A total of 106 trains were ordered under Contract R151 and will enter service from 2022 onwards.
As the seventh generation of rolling stock for the NSEWL, these R151 trains are intended to replace the three earliest generations of rolling stock that served on Singapore’s oldest metro lines, namely the C151, C651 and C751B.
An initial tender for 66 trains was awarded to Bombardier for $827.1 million on 25 July 2018, as direct replacements for C151 trains. A further 40 additional trains were announced on 28 September 2020, at a cost of $337.8 million, as direct replacements for C651 and C751B trains. The contract would be fulfilled by Alstom, who acquired Bombardier’s rail business in January 2021, with trains subsequently adopting the Alstom name (formerly Bombardier MOVIA R151, now Alstom Movia R151).
In addition to these costs, Contract R151 includes an option to provide long-term service support to the Train Operator (SMRT Corporation) for the new train fleet, covering their design life of up to 30 years. For the initial 66 trains, this contract was valued at just under $400 million (in mixed currencies); a revised figure for all 106 trains has yet to be released.
Main Article: Kawasaki Heavy Industries C151
As the first-generation C151 trains were approaching the end of their lifespan, SMRT was exploring ways to overhaul these trains for continued service. In 2014, SMRT inked a deal with Japan’s Toshiba to replace all 66 trains with Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (PMSM), reducing power consumption by 30%, noise levels by 12 dB and being easier to maintain. This was part of a major engineering component replacement on all C151 trains expected to be completed by 2019.
However, in August 2016, LTA and SMRT agreed to transition all existing rail lines to the New Rail Financing Framework (NRFF), in which the Government assumes responsibility for the expansion, replacement and refurbishment of all operating assets, including trains. Refurbishment works were halted as LTA reviewed the best course of action, despite SMRT already being committed to the installation of the new PMSM propulsion system.
A month later, in September 2016, the LTA announced its intention to replace all 66 first-generation C151 trains with brand-new ones, favouring the procurement of new trains over continuing to refurbish old trains. Contract R151 for the replacement of these trains closed on 4 September 2017, and was subsequently awarded to Bombardier in July 2018, who would supply Bombardier MOVIA trainsets under this contract.
Participating companies were:
|1.||Alstom Transport S.A. /
Alstom Transport (S) Pte Ltd Consortium
|2.||Bombardier (Singapore) Pte Ltd||SGD 827,075,921.00||—|
|3.||Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, S.A.||SGD 867,275,662.00||—|
|4.||Hyundai Rotem Company||SGD 696,960,000.00||—|
|5.||Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.
CRRC Qingdao Sifang Co., Ltd.
Kawasaki Heavy Industries (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
Singapore CRRC Sifang Railway Vehicles Service Pte. Ltd. Consortium
|SGD 999,900,000.00||SGD 884,188,800.00|
Part of the tender involves an option for Long Term Service Support to the Train Operator (SMRT Corporation). The bids for this option (Option 9) are reflected below.Long Term Service Support (Option 9) Bids
|1.||Alstom Transport S.A. /
Alstom Transport (S) Pte Ltd Consortium
|2.||Bombardier (Singapore) Pte Ltd||Mixed Currencies:
+ EUR 75,135,673.16
+ GBP 2,670,699.27
+ EUR 69,567,878.63
+ GBP 2,472,791.89
+ EUR 67,344,629.08
+ GBP 2,393,766.43
|3.||Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, S.A.||SGD 307,320,742.00
|4.||Hyundai Rotem Company||SGD 517,973,000.00||—||—|
|5.||Kawasaki Sifang Consortium
Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.
The long-term service support covers a period of 10 years, with an option to extend for a further 20 years.
R151 trains would be assembled in Bombardier’s facility in Changchun, China, and would undergo a rigorous testing and commissioning process before they are put into passenger service from 2022. The facility in China, Changchun Bombardier Railway Vehicles, is a joint venture between Bombardier and CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles.
The initial press release stated that trains would be delivered to Singapore in batches from 2021; this was delayed to February 2022 likely due to COVID-19 related disruptions.
In September 2020, a further 40 more Contract R151 trains were announced as part of a long-term fleet renewal programme. At a cost of $337.8 million, these new trains will replace all second-generation C651 trains (19 units) and all third-generation C751B trains (21 units). These new trains will arrive in batches starting from 2024.
Trains to be replaced by new Contract R151 trains from Bombardier:
Acquistion by Alstom
Alstom completed its acquisition of Bombardier’s rail business (Bombardier Transportation) in January 2021. As such, Alstom assumed responsibility for the delivery of Contract R151, and trains were renamed to Alstom Movia, reflecting Alstom’s takeover of Bombardier’s family of metro trains. It is not known whether the change in ownership resulted in changes to the technical specifications of these trains.
R151 trains would also continue to be assembled in Changchun, China. The joint venture company was renamed Changchun Alstom Railway Vehicles; a joint venture between Alstom and CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles.
The interior cabins of the train are designed to include more open spaces for parents with strollers, wheelchair users and commuters carrying their personal mobility devices (PMDs).
Initial concept drawings presented tip-up seats in the train, which can be folded up during peak hours to create more room for passengers without a reduction in the overall number of seats per train car. Similar seats were installed on C151C trains. However, these were replaced with fixed longitudinal seats and perch seats in later concept drawings.
The trains are designed to facilitate a more robust, efficient and effective predictive maintenance regime, with integrated condition-monitoring features and sensors that transmit data back to a server that can identify emerging faults for rectification before they occur. The trains are also equipped with a self-test system that automatically checks that the trains are fit for operation before daily service commences.
In the increased order of trains announced in September 2020, these new trains will also be equipped with an integrated suite of condition monitoring features that facilitate the timely detection of emerging faults. This will allow the rail operator to make more efficient use of maintenance resources to pre-emptively address potential faults before they affect commuter service. Initiatives such as these are central to efforts by LTA and the rail operators to continue delivering reliable train services while managing costs.
In addition, four R151 trains will be fitted with an Automatic Track Inspection (ATI) System, which allows concurrent monitoring of the running rails, track equipment and sleepers during operations. The ATI System supplements existing track inspection activities to identify rail and trackside components that require maintenance in a more timely and efficient manner.
A six-car trainset is formed of two three-car sets permanently coupled together. Each set comprises one driving trailer (DT) and two motor cars (M1 and M2). As such, the running configuration of a R151 trainset is DT–M1–M2–M2–M1–DT.
From exterior render drawings, every car is identified by a five-digit number ranging from 1x801 to 1x932 (for the first 66 trainsets), where the first digit x is carriage identifier. The driving cab is 3, followed by the second car using 1 and the third car using 2. The last three digits refer to the 3-car trainset of which the train is comprised. The total of 106 trains ordered are actually 212 3-car trainsets coupled together in an even-odd arrangement, i.e. Set 801/802, Set 803/804 and so on.
More photos at: Delivery of R151 Trains to Singapore
- Bombardier to Supply 66 New Trains for North-South and East-West Lines – LTA
- Bombardier Wins Contract to Provide 396 MOVIA Metro Cars for Singapore’s North-South and East-West Lines – Bombardier
- LTA buys 40 new trains for North-South and East-West lines in $337.8m contract, Singapore News & Top Stories – The Straits Times
- New trains for North-South, East-West lines unveiled, Singapore News & Top Stories – The Straits Times
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