|Singapore–Kuala Lumpur High Speed Rail|
|Type||High Speed Rail|
|Line length||~350 km (Under planning)|
|Termini||Kuala Lumpur (Bandar Malaysia)
Singapore (Jurong East)
|Track gauge||Standard Gauge (1435mm)|
|Opened||To Be Announced|
The Singapore–Kuala Lumpur High-Speed Rail is a future high-speed rail link currently under planning. The line will connect Singapore to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, with the fastest services taking 90 minutes between the two cities.
First announced in 2013, the 350-kilometre line will follow the west coast of Peninsula Malaysia with 8 stations at Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya, Seremban, Ayer Keroh, Muar, Batu Pahat, Iskandar Puteri and Singapore. International services will operate from Kuala Lumpur, Iskandar Puteri and Singapore, with co-located customs facilities at these three stations. International passengers will clear customs of both countries at their point of departure.
The Singapore terminus of the route will be at Jurong East, the current site of Jurong Country Club. The Kuala Lumpur terminus will be at Bandar Malaysia. The line go across the Strait of Johor via a 25 metre high bridge near the Second Link, and a tunnel portal and siding facilities will be built at the current Raffles Country Club site.
When complete, the line will cut travel time between Singapore and Kuala Lumpur to 90 minutes, compared with more than four hours by car. Construction is expected to begin in 2017 and the line is projected to commence operations in 2026.
Timeline & History
- 2010: High-Speed Rail between Singapore and Kuala Lumpur highlighted
- Feb 2013: Singapore and Malaysia agreed to HSR project
- Feb 2015: Jurong East confirmed as Singapore terminus
- Jul 2016: Signing of Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) – legally-binding bilateral agreement
- 2017: Commencement of engineering studies and tenders
- 2018 (May): Intention for Malaysia to pull out of HSR Project Announced
- 2026: Targeted commencement of operations
In 2010, as part of the Government of Malaysia’s Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) plans, the Southern Corridor High-Speed Rail (HSR) highlighted with the aim of improving the economic dynamism and liveability of Kuala Lumpur. Feasibility and conceptual studies soon followed.
On 19 February 2013 at a Leader’s Retreat, the Singapore and Malaysia Prime Ministers formally agreed to build the HSR. This was followed by the planning phase where the groundwork was laid for the fulfilment of the project. In Singapore, Jurong East was confirmed as the line terminus. The line will run underground, surfacing at Tuas and crossing the Strait of Johor via a 25-metre high bridge near the Second Link. Land occupied by Jurong Country Club and Raffles Country Club was acquired by the Government for future HSR construction.
On 19 July 2016, both Governments signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), a legally-binding bilateral agreement to develop the HSR with a targeted operational date of 31 December 2026. By formalising the line’s technical and security details as well as its regulatory, financing and procurement frameworks, among other things, the agreement paves the way for both sides to move from the planning phase to implementation. The HSR is expected to cost Singapore more than S$17 billion, and around 110 billion ringgit for Malaysia.
In May 2018, newly-elected Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad announced the cancellation of the HSR project to reduce the country’s debut. He cited the project’s high costs and negligible benefits to the country.
Several countries like Japan and China are eyeing a slice of the lucrative contract and hoping to gain an influence in the region. Both Japan and China have been aggressively promoting their domestic HSR technology, with Japan banking on its safety and reliability record, and China on its wealth of experience in rolling out the HSR domestically in a cost-effective manner. Other countries who have expressed interest include Korea and France, both of which also have domestic HSR networks.
Malaysia Pulling Out
On 28 May 2018, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad confirmed in a press conference that Malaysia will drop the Kuala Lumpur-Singapore high-speed rail project.
Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya, Seremban, Ayer Keroh, Muar, Batu Pahat, Iskandar Puteri, Singapore
External Links & References:
- Kuala Lumpur – Singapore High Speed Rail: Project Overview – MyHSR (PDF)
- PMs agree on high speed rail linking KL, Singapore – Straits Times
- KL, Singapore sign deal for high-speed rail; service slated to start by Dec 31, 2026 – Straits Times
- Singapore-KL high-speed rail deadline ‘ambitious but achievable’ – Straits Times