Bus Contracting Model (BCM)

The Bus Contracting Model (BCM), is a contracting model for public bus services in Singapore.

The scheme was first announced in 2014, then called the Government Contracting Model (GCM). The main benefits touted by the BCM are its responsiveness to changes in ridership and commuter needs, as well as the injection of greater competition within the industry, thereby raising service levels for commuters over time.

The following parts will explain how the BCM works. Alternatively, they are summarised in this video by the Land Transport Authority (LTA).

With the Bus Service Operating Licenses (BSOL) for SMRT Buses and SBS Transit expiring on 31 August 2016, LTA took the opportunity to revamp the bus industry into a competitive tendering process. Elements of the scheme were adapted from contractual schemes used in other regions, such as Transperth (in Perth) and London Buses (in London).

In addition, the LTA has pursued a unified livery across all public buses in Singapore. Lush Green was chosen as the base colour, having been the preference of the majority of commuters through a public poll.

1. Background
Old Model
  • All operating assets (i.e. depots, buses) currently owned by both Government and Operators
  • Slow response in the improvement of service standards due to a profit-driven business model:
    • Bus operators earn revenue from fare collection, advertising, etc.
    • Profit used to cover capital and operating expenses, and earn returns
    • Bus operations geared towards reducing financial losses (buses are largely unprofitable as a whole, considering increasingly high bus operating costs, manpower costs and disproportionately low fares)
    • Unprofitable services often do not receive improvements
New Bus Contracting Model
  • LTA to own all* bus assets:
    Buses, bus depots, bus interchanges, fleet management systems, etc.
    * (except several assets such as buses and depots which are leased by SBS Transit / SMRT to LTA for availability fees)
  • LTA being the central bus planner, decides on bus services to be provided, and the service standards which operators have to meet
  • Bus operators will bid for bus route packages through a competitive tendering process, and be paid service fee (with incentives / disincentives; depending on performance) to operate the bus services.
  • All fare revenue will be retained by the Government and to ensure the affordability of public transport fares

Note:
* – Exceptions to LTA owning all bus assets and depots include:

  • SMRT-owned buses and Woodlands Depot – leased to LTA via availability fees
    (SMRT Group Review 2017)
  • SBS Transit’s fleet of close to 2,900 buses (in 2016) and Soon Lee Bus Depot – leased to LTA
  • SBS Transit Bedok North Bus Depot, Braddell Bus Park, Bukit Batok Bus Depot, Hougang Bus Depot, Ang Mo Kio Bus Depot
    (which remains as SBS Transit property as of SBS Transit 2017 Annual Report)
What are the new roles of bus operators?
  • Operate their allocated bus services in accordance with specified performance standards
  • Operate and maintain the buses and their onboard equipment (e.g. integrated driver fare console (IDFC) and fleet management equipment) as leased from the Government
  • Operate and maintain the Bus Interchanges and the new Bus Depot included in the Route Packages, including all equipment and systems provided therein
  • Charge and collect the fares approved by the Public Transport Council, for travel on the Route Package Bus Services allocated, on behalf of the Government
  • Provide bus service information at all bus stops and bus interchanges served by the Route Packages’ Services
  • Provide customer management services, such as lost and found service, and a hotline for commuter feedback and enquiries.
  • Continue to benefit from advertising revenue
  • Operating assets will be leased from Government to Bus Operator as stated in the contract which Bus Operator has been awarded
Incentive Framework (Performance Standards for Operators)

Incentive Framework to encourage it to provide quality bus services to commuters and carry out good maintenance of the assets provided by the Government. If the Operator meets the standards, it will receive a performance payment of up to 10% of its annual service fee. On the other hand, if the Operator does not meet the standards, up to 10% of its annual service fee will be deducted. The five performance indicators are in the areas of:-

  1. Bus service reliability, with indicators on Excess Wait Time (EWT) and On-Time Adherence taking reference from the Bus Service Reliability Framework
  2. First and last bus punctuality to ensure that commuters can board the first and last bus of the day
  3. Maintenance of the buses provided by LTA
  4. Maintenance of the Bus Interchanges and Bus Depot awarded under the Route Packages
  5. Maintenance of the Bus Ticketing System
What are the advantages of this system?
  • Strengthens the Government’s ability to respond more quickly to changes in travel demand and service level expectations
  • Bus operators to focus more on operating the bus services and meeting service standards
  • Lowering entry barriers, introducing more market competition leading to the provision of better bus services in a cost-competitive manner that will benefit commuters.
So how will commuters benefit?
  • A more responsive system that adapts to ridership patterns and commuter needs
  • Greater competition and efficiency within the bus industry
  • More reliable bus services with improved service levels
  • Less waiting time between buses

The contract model is currently in use in London and various Australian cities; their transport systems which LTA is modelling from. The Government is now able to directly subsidize bus operations to maintain better service levels, even if such levels of service are unprofitable.


2. Gradual transition to competitive tendering

In September 2016, bus services in Singapore were announced by the Land Transport Authority to be bundled into fourteen bus packages with about 300-500 buses each. The number of bus packages was previously announced to be twelve back in 2014 at the start of the Bus Contracting Model scheme. The contracts will last for five years, and can be extended by another two years with good performance.

With the negotiations with the incumbent operators (SBS Transit and SMRT) complete, the Bus Service Operating License (BSOL) for the remainder 11 packages not tendered out as of 2016 has been extended for 2-10 years, starting from 01 Sep 2016. After these negotiated contracts expire, the bus services in the 11 packages will be gradually tendered out.

This gradual, phased transition will allow LTA to refine and improve the management of contracts, as well as the tendering and handover process, and minimise the risk of service disruption.


3. Safeguarding the welfare of workers

Each new tender or change in contract for bus services can result in the movement of bus employees from one employer to another. To safeguard the welfare of the affected employees and ensure their smooth transition to the incoming operator, the Public Transport Tripartite Committee (PTTC) released the Guidelines on Good Employment Practices in the Public Bus Industry (the “Guidelines”) on 16 September 2014, detailing the obligations and responsibilities of both incoming and outgoing bus operators. These include the timeline for the offer of employment, recognition of the length of service, employment terms to be safeguarded, treatment of affected bus industry employees including those who choose to stay with the outgoing operator, as well as training for those who choose to join the incoming operator.

The three key assurances proposed by the PTTC are:

  1. All affected employees must be offered a job by the incoming operator;
  2. Affected employees must be offered employment terms which are not worse-off than what they have been enjoying before transition; and
  3. Affected employees can choose to join the new operator or be redeployed by their current employer, where feasible.

These employee aspects of the Guidelines have been incorporated into LTA’s tender documents, and will also be included in LTA’s subsequent contract with the Operator.


4. Higher Service Levels

With the transition to a bus contracting model, the Government intends to also raise bus service levels to beyond those of the expanded BSEP.

Current (Pre-BCM) Service Levels during 2-hour AM and PM Peak Periods:

  • About 30% of bus services operating at headway of no more than 10 minutes
  • 100% of bus services operating at headway of no more than 30 minutes

Expanded BSEP during 2-hour AM and PM Peak Periods

  • About 35% of bus services operating at headway of no more than 10 minutes
    100% of bus services operating at headway of no more than 20 minutes

Bus Contracting Model during 2-hour AM and PM Peak Periods

  • 50 or more % of bus services operating at headway of no more than 10 minutes
  • 100% of bus services operating at headway of no more than 15 minutes
  • All Feeder Services operating at intervals of 6 to 8 minutes.

As a result, an estimated 45% of bus services will have shorter intervals during peak periods when compared to the expanded BSEP service levels.


5. Tendering Process

All tender submissions will be evaluated by LTA through a 2-envelope process for quality and price with greater weightage given to the quality proposal submitted by the tenderers. This was evident when UK bus operator Tower Transit won the Bulim Bus Package despite offering the third lowest bid of $125.6 Million per year, in contrast to the lowest $93.7 Million per year bid from SMRT.

LTA awards route packages (tenders) based on “Gross Cost Model”. The Operator which the tender would be awarded will be required to set up a local company to operate the Route Packages, with senior management overseeing its operations to be based in Singapore for better oversight and accountability.

There will also be provisions for additional bus capacity in the contract which will enable the Government to make expeditious adjustments to the Route Packages when necessary, in response to changes in ridership and commuter needs.

During the contract period (5-7 years), the service fee which is the Operator’s bid price for the package, will be adjusted to better reflect the operating climate by taking into consideration inflation, changes in wage levels, and fuel costs.

Separately, the Operator will be able to tap the Bus Driver Training Grant for new bus drivers trained and deployed on the bus services from the date of award of contract to December 2016.

The Operator will be paid the service fee on a monthly basis with deductions for non-operated mileage that is within its control, such as driver absenteeism.

Tendering requirements

Among other requirements, bus operators bidding for the package must have a proven track record of operating a fleet of at least 250 buses.


Bus Services

Operator Legend:

  • GAS – Go Ahead Singapore Pte Ltd
  • SBST – SBS Transit Ltd
  • SMRTB – SMRT Buses Ltd
  • TTS – Tower Transit Singapore Pte Ltd
Contract Ref. Route Package Contract Period Operator Bus Services
Tendered Package (TP) – Ongoing Bus Package Contracts
PT200 Bulim
(29 Services)
29 May 2016 – 29 May 2021 TTS
41, 49, 66, 77, 78, 79, 96, 97, 97e, 98/98M, 106, 143/143M, 173, 177, 183, 189, 282, 284, 285, 333, 334, 335, 941, 945, 947 & 990
SMRTB
944, 653 & 657
PT201 Loyang
(30 Services)
04 Sep 2016 – 2023
(with 2 year extension)
GAS 2, 3, 6, 12, 12e, 15, 17/17A, 34, 36, 43/43M, 43e, 62, 68, 82, 83, 84, 85, 118, 119, 136, 354, 358, 359, 381, 382G/382W, 386, 403, 518/518A, 661 & 666
PT202 Seletar
(27 Services)
11 Mar 2018 – 2023 SBST 24, 70/70M, 71, 76, 130, 133, 135, 138, 162/162M, 261, 262, 265, 268, 269, 800, 803, 804, 805, 806, 807, 811, 812, 850E, 851, 851e, 852 & 860
PT203 Bukit Merah
(17 Services)
18 Nov 2018 – 2023 SBST 5, 16/16M, 57, 93, 120, 121, 122, 123/123M, 131/131M, 145, 160/160M, 170/170A/170X, 195, 198, 272, 273 & 400
Tendered Package (TP) – Upcoming Bus Package Contracts
PT217 Bulim
(29 Services)
30 May 2021 – 2026 TTS 41, 49, 66, 77, 78, 79, 96, 97, 97e, 98/98M, 106, 143/143M, 173, 177, 183, 189, 282, 284, 285, 333, 334, 335, 653, 657, 941, 944, 945, 947 & 990
Sembawang – Yishun
(27 Services)
05 Sep 2021 – 2026 167, 167e, 169, 171, 656, 663, 825, 853/853M, 854, 854e, 855, 856, 857, 858, 859, 882, 883/883M, 963, 963e, 963R, 965, 966, 969, 980, 981, N1 & N2
Negotiated Contract (NC) – Ongoing Bus Package Contracts
PT213 Sembawang – Yishun
(27 Services)
Sep 2016 – 04 Sep 2021
(with 1 year extension)
SMRTB 167, 167e, 169, 171, 656, 825, 853/853M, 854, 854e, 855, 856, 857, 858, 859, 882, 883/883M, 963, 963e, 963R, 965, 966, 969, 980, 981, NR1 & NR2
TTS
663
PT206 Sengkang – Hougang
(35 Services)
Sep 2016 – 2021 SBST 27, 51, 80, 86, 87, 89, 89e, 102, 107/107M, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 132, 151, 151e, 153, 159, 161, 163, 165, 324, 325, 329, 371, 372, 374, 654, 660, 671, 672 & 6N
SMRTB 110
PT211 Bedok
(23 Services)
Sep 2016 – 2023 SBST 9, 13, 14, 14e, 25, 30, 30e, 35/35M, 40, 42, 45, 46, 168, 196, 196e, 222, 225G/225W, 228, 229, 401, 506, CT18 & 4N
PT215 Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
(33 Services)
Sep 2016 – 2023 SMRTB 61, 67, 75, 172, 176, 180, 184, 188, 188e, 188R, 190, 300, 301, 302, 307, 868E, 920, 922, 927, 970, 971, 972/972M, 973, 975, 976, 979, 982E, 983, 985, 991, NR3 & NR8
TTS 974
PT216 Woodlands
(24 Services)
Sep 2016 – 2023 SMRTB 178, 187, 652, 670, 900/900A, 901/901M, 902, 903/903M, 904, 911, 912/912M, 913/913M, 925/925M, 926, 950, 951E, 960, 960e, 961/961M, 962, 964, NR5 & NR6
TTS 665
PT207 Tampines
(27 Services)
Sep 2016 – 2024 SBST
4, 10, 10e, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 28, 29, 31, 37, 38, 39, 47, 65, 69, 72, 81, 127, 129, 291, 292, 293, 298, 513 & 2N
PT212 Jurong West
(27 Services)
Sep 2016 – 2024 SBST 179/179A, 181/181M, 182/182M, 185, 192, 193, 194, 199, 240/240M, 241, 242, 243G/243W, 246, 247, 248, 249, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 257, 258, 405, 502/502A & 655
TTS
651
PT209 Serangoon – Eunos
(23 Services)
Sep 2016 – 2025 SBST 11, 53/53M, 55, 58, 59, 60, 63/63M, 64, 90, 94, 101, 103, 105, 109, 134, 137, 140, 141, 150, 154, 158, 315 & 317
PT210 Clementi
(25 Services)
Sep 2016 – 2025 SBST 7, 32, 33, 48, 74, 74e, 91, 92/92M, 95, 99, 100, 111, 147, 156, 166, 174, 174e, 175, 191, 197, 200, 201, 667, 3N & 5N
PT208 Bishan – Toa Payoh
(23 Services)
Sep 2016 – 2026 SBST 8, 21, 26, 50, 52, 54, 56, 73, 88, 124, 125, 139/139M, 142, 155, 157, 186, 231, 232, 235, 238, 410G/410W, CT8 & 1N

Former Bus Package Contracts:

Contract Ref. Route Package Contract Period Operator Bus Services
PT204 (TBC) Seletar Sep 2016 – 10 Mar 2018 SBST 24, 70/70M, 71, 76, 130, 133, 135, 138, 162/162M, 261, 262, 265, 268 & 269
PT214 (TBC)
Seletar Sep 2016 – 24 Mar 2018 SMRTB 800, 803, 804, 805, 806, 807, 811, 812, 850E, 851, 852 & 860
PT205 (TBC) Bukit Merah Sep 2016 – 17 Nov 2018 SBST 5, 16, 57, 93, 120, 121, 122, 123/123M, 131/131M, 145, 160, 170/170A/170X, 195, 198, 272, 273, 400 & 402

 


Infrastructure – Bus Interchanges, Terminals & Depots

Current Term
Contract Ref. Route Package Operator Anchor Bus Depot Anchor Interchanges / Terminals
Tendered Packages
PT200 Bulim TTS Bulim Bus Depot Bukit Batok Int, Jurong East Temp Int
PT201 Loyang GAS Loyang Bus Depot Pasir Ris Int, Punggol Temp Int
PT202 Seletar SBST Seletar Bus Depot Ang Mo Kio Int, Yio Chu Kang Int
PT203 Bukit Merah SBST Ulu Pandan Bus Depot Bukit Merah Int, HarbourFront Int, Kampong Bahru Ter,
Marina Centre Ter, Queen Street Ter, Shenton Way Ter
Negotiated Packages
PT213 Sembawang – Yishun SMRTB Ang Mo Kio Bus Depot Sembawang Int, Yishun Int, Lorong 1 Geylang Ter
PT206 Sengkang – Hougang SBST Hougang Bus Depot Sengkang Int, Compassvale Int, Hougang Central Int
PT211 Bedok SBST Bedok North Bus Depot Bedok Int, Upper East Coast Ter
PT215 Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang SMRTB Kranji Bus Depot Choa Chu Kang Int, Bukit Panjang Int, Bukit Panjang Temp Bus Park, Gali Batu Ter
PT216 Woodlands SMRTB Woodlands Bus Depot
Woodlands Bus Park
Woodlands Temp Int
PT207 Tampines SBST Bedok North Bus Depot Tampines Int, Tampines Concourse Int, Changi Business Park Ter
PT212 Jurong West SBST Soon Lee Bus Depot Boon Lay Int, Joo Koon Int, Tuas Ter
PT209 Serangoon – Eunos SBST Hougang Bus Depot Serangoon Int, Eunos Int, Sims Place Ter, Changi Village Ter
PT210 Clementi SBST Bukit Batok Bus Depot Clementi Int, Buona Vista Ter, Ghim Moh Ter, Kent Ridge Ter
PT208 Bishan – Toa Payoh SBST Ang Mo Kio Bus Depot Bishan Int, Toa Payoh Int, Saint Michael’s Ter
Upcoming Bus Package Contracts
PT217 Bulim TTS Bulim Bus Depot Bukit Batok Int, Jurong East Temp Int, Venture Drive Int
Sembawang – Yishun Mandai Bus Depot Sembawang Int, Yishun Int, Lorong 1 Geylang Ter
Past Terms
Contract Ref. Route Package Operator Anchor Bus Depot Anchor Interchanges / Terminals
Negotiated Packages
PT204 (TBC) Seletar SBST Seletar Bus Depot /
Ang Mo Kio Bus Depot
Ang Mo Kio Int, Yio Chu Kang Int
PT214 (TBC)
Seletar SMRTB Ang Mo Kio Bus Depot
PT205 (TBC) Bukit Merah SBST Ayer Rajah Bus Park Bukit Merah Int, HarbourFront Int, New Bridge Rd Ter, Kampong Bahru Ter, Marina Centre Ter, Queen Street Ter, Shenton Way Ter
Tendered Packages

 

 


Changes to Bus Services:

Basic Bus Services:

With LTA being the central bus planner, it will continue to introduce new routes and amend current routes to suit the needs of commuters. While an overhaul of bus services is unlikely, several routes may be amended/split for better reliability. As more housing estates are being built, the number of basic services will only increase to suit new travel patterns.

An exception is cross-border services, where regular service standard indicators do not apply, owing to complex traffic conditions across the Causeway. Instead, they are measured based on the mileage fulfilled.

Basic-Plus Services:

Routings and operation hours of Fast-Forward services will be unchanged and tendered out along with the parent service, such as Service 97e tendered as part of the first Bulim Bus Package. However, the “Fast-Forward” branding from the SBS Transit days would be dropped, and they continue to charge Express fares. The “Fast-Forward” branding was subsequently standardised to “Express” in August 2018.

Chinatown Direct services are also retained and tendered out due to their popularity with residents.

Express, NightRider and Nite Owl services form part of the routes in various bus packages as well.

Premium Services:

As PTOs are gradually handing over Premium services to private bus operators, premium bus services will not be operated by public bus operators with BCM assets. They will be gradually be fully transferred to private operators, or continue to be operated by their non-franchised divisions (such as SMRT’s BusPlus charter division).


Taking over of buses

Main article: Transitioning of Buses to the Bus Contracting Model

LTA has initiated the BCM initially using buses destined for SBS Transit but registered under the Bus Service Enhancement Programme (BSEP). These buses, destined for service with SBS Transit fleet but owned by the Government, were rerouted to operators of the first few BCM packages such as Tower Transit, the initial operator of the Bulim Bus Package.

To further expand the BCM bus pool, the LTA said on 29 December 2015 that it would take over SBS Transit’s bus purchasing contracts worth S$164 million for 346 new bus purchases, scheduled for delivery in 2016 and 2017. It will also directly buy 50 buses, worth about S$23 million, which were delivered to SBST between June and December this year.

Among the 346 buses to be bought under the contracts, 100 are single-deck buses, while 246 are double-deck buses. 210 of these buses are scheduled for delivery in 2016, and the rest in 2017.

Among the 50 buses to be bought from SBS Transit, 12 are single-deck buses, while 38 are double-deck buses

In total, LTA will be buying 112 Mercedes-Benz O530 Citaro single-deck buses and 284 Volvo B9TL buses for the BCM, worth around S$187 million.


Milestone: Full transition

See: Bus industry completes transition to Bus Contracting Model


Advertising on Bus Contracting Model Buses


New Bus Services

With the completion of the Bus Service Enhancement Programme (BSEP) in Late 2017, new bus services continue to be launched under the Bus Contracting Model.

Operators of these new services receive additional service fee based on the additional mileage of the new bus services.

No. Date of Launch Operator Bus Service Bus Package
1 31 Oct 2017 SMRT Buses Bus Service 110 Sengkang – Hougang
(Negotiated Contract)
2 28 Jan 2018 Go-Ahead Bus Service 12e Loyang
3 28 Jan 2018 SBS Transit Bus Service 147e Clementi
25 Feb 2018 SBS Transit Short Trip Service 7A Clementi
25 Feb 2018 SBS Transit Short Trip Service 7B Clementi
12 Mar 2018 Go-Ahead Short Trip Service 2A Loyang
4 01 Apr 2018 Go-Ahead Bus Service 68 Loyang
5 08 Apr 2018 Tower Transit Bus Service 974 Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
(Negotiated Contract)
6 27 May 2018 SBS Transit Bus Service 851e Seletar
7 08 Jul 2018 SMRT Buses Bus Service 991 Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
08 Jul 2018 SMRT Buses Short Trip Service 991A Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
30 Sep 2018 SMRT Buses Short Trip Service 991B Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
30 Sep 2018 SMRT Buses Short Trip Service 983A Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
8 28 Oct 2018 SMRT Buses Bus Service 960e Woodlands
29 Oct 2018 Go-Ahead Short Trip Service 386A Loyang
19 Nov 2018 SBS Transit Short Trip Service 160A Bukit Merah
9 25 Nov 2018 SMRT Buses Bus Service 167e Sembawang – Yishun
24 Dec 2018 SBS Transit Short Trip Service 142A
Bishan – Toa Payoh
13 Jan 2019 SMRT Buses Short Trip Service 973A Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
13 Jan 2019 Tower Transit Short Trip Service 974A Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
(Negotiated Contract)
14 Jan 2019 SBS Transit Short Trip Service 117A Sengkang – Hougang
10 Feb 2019 SBS Transit Short Trip Service 163A Sengkang – Hougang
25 Feb 2019 SMRT Buses Short Trip Service 169B Sembawang – Yishun
25 Feb 2019 SMRT Buses Short Trip Service 883B Sembawang – Yishun
11 Mar 2019 SBS Transit Short Trip Service 33B Clementi
11 Mar 2019 SBS Transit Short Trip Service 117B Sengkang – Hougang
17 Mar 2019 SMRT Buses Feeder Bus Service 913M
Woodlands
25 Mar 2019 Go-Ahead Short Trip Service 34B Loyang
25 Mar 2019 Go-Ahead Short Trip Service 85A Loyang
15 Apr 2019 SBS Transit Short Trip Service 116A Sengkang – Hougang
23 Jun 2019 SMRT Buses Feeder Bus Service 901M Woodlands
01 Jul 2019 Go-Ahead Short Trip Service 382A Loyang
10 09 Sep 2019 Go-Ahead Express Bus Service 43e Loyang
11 10 Nov 2019 SMRT Buses Bus Service 976
Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
18 Nov 2019 Go-Ahead Short Trip Service 68A Loyang
18 Nov 2019 Go-Ahead Short Trip Service 68B Loyang
12 Jan 2020 SMRT Buses Bus Service 883M
Sembawang – Yishun
28 Jan 2020 SMRT Buses Short Trip Service 975A Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
09 Mar 2020 SBS Transit Bus Service 16M Bukit Merah
26 Jul 2020 SBS Transit Bus Service 160M Bukit Merah
30 Aug 2020 SMRT Buses Bus Service 972M Choa Chu Kang – Bukit Panjang
12 25 Oct 2020 SBS Transit Bus Service 114 Sengkang – Hougang

Purchase of New Buses

In 2015, LTA purchased 176 additional Volvo B9TL buses built to SBS Transit specifications. These buses were registered SG5000E – SG5175J, forming the first SG-prefix registered buses as part of the Bus Contracting Model.

In addition, LTA also purchased 60 MAN A95 buses (SG5740C – SG5799J) for the Bus Contracting Model in 2015. The last 10 units of these buses are equipped with USB Charging Ports, making them the first batch of public buses to feature USB Charging Ports.

In September 2016, LTA purchased another batch of 122 MAN A95 buses (SG5800M – SG5920A & SG2017C).

In late 2016, LTA also purchased another batch of 15 Alexander Dennis Enviro500 buses (SG5700T – SG5714D).

In 2017, LTA purchased 250 units of Euro 6 MAN A95 & MAN A22 buses under a negotiated Contract PT337 – Procurement of 250 MAN Buses. On top of this, an additional 150 units of Euro 6 MAN A95 buses were also purchased.

In October 2017, LTA awarded Contract PT313 – Procurement of Diesel Hybrid Buses (DHB) to Volvo East Asia (Pte) Ltd for the purchase of 50 Volvo 7900 Hybrid (Volvo B5L Hybrid) Buses.

In July 2018, LTA awarded Contract PT322 – Procurement of Euro 6 Double Deck Diesel Buses to ST Engineering Land Systems Ltd. for the purchase of 111 MAN A95 buses.

In December 2017, LTA put up a tender for Contract PT323 – Procurement of Electric Buses (E-Buses), with an order for 60 Electric Buses. 3 Tenderers were awarded.

  • BYD (Singapore) Pte Ltd – 20 Single-Deck Electric Buses
  • ST Engineering Land Systems – 20 Single-Deck Electric Buses
  • Yutong-NARI Consortium – 10 Single-Deck & 10 Double-Deck Electric Buses

In May 2018, LTA put up a tender for Contract PT342 – Procurement of 3-Door Euro 6 Double Deck Diesel Buses, with an order for 100 Double Decker buses. 2 Tenderers were awarded.

  • Alexander Dennis (Services) Singapore Pte Ltd – 50 3-Door Double Deck Buses
  • ST Engineering Land Systems – 50 3-Door Double Deck Buses

 


LTA News Releases (References)

  1. Transition to a Government Contracting Model For The Public Bus Industry  (24 May 14)
  2. First Bus Package Under The Government Contracting Model Up For Tender (03 Oct14)
  3. Second Bus Package under the Government Contracting Model to Be Put Up for Tender in Second Quarter of 2015 (11 Mar 15)
  4. LTA awards first tendered bus package to Tower Transit Group Limited (08 May 15)
  5. LTA to take over SBS Transit’s contracts for new bus purchases – Channel NewsAsia

Back to Bus Articles

47 thoughts on “Bus Contracting Model (BCM)

  • 11 October 2020 at 8:07 AM
    Permalink

    SBS TRANSIT
    Bukit Merah
    Clementi Bus Package
    Seletar Bus Package
    Tampines Bus Package
    Sengkang-Hougang Bus Package
    Woodlands Bus Package
    Serangoon-Eunos Bus Package

    SMRT BUSES
    Bedok Bus Package
    Choa Chu Kang-Bukit Panjang Bus Package
    Jurong West Bus Package

    TOWER TRANSIT
    Bulim Bus Package
    Sembawang-Yishun Bus Package

    GO AHEAD SINGAPORE
    Loyang Bus Package
    Bishan-Toa Payoh Bus Package

    Reply
  • 2 October 2020 at 7:37 AM
    Permalink

    In my opinion, the 2 year extension by Go-Ahead is given due to (a) COVID-19 and (b) to make the contract ending for Loyang Bus Package for recontract the same duration as CCK and Woodlands to group those together.

    SMRT will not win any bus packages regardless of how good their proposal is, because I believed that the main goal of the authority is to remove SMRT from its buses service.

    Instead, with the newer lines coming up such as the Jurong Region Line and Cross Island Line, SMRT will most likely be given the concession to run those.

    When the NEL, DTL, SKLRT, PGLRT concession expired, there is a 50% chance of it handle over to SMRT.

    SBS Transit will remain as the main player in bus, whereas, SMRT will become the only player for MRT/LRT.

    Reply
  • 30 September 2020 at 9:21 PM
    Permalink

    SBS Transit will only get 6 packages,SMRT will get 3,TTS will get 3 and GAS will have 2.

    Reply
  • 21 July 2020 at 9:51 PM
    Permalink

    BCM should be reshuffled cause many service still face dead mileage.Important sectors suchs as early downtrips should be considered.

    5 Bukit Merah to Loyang
    7 Clementi to Bedok
    8 Bishan-Toa Payoh to Tampines
    21 Bishan-Toa Payoh to Loyang
    22 Tampines to Seletar
    26 Bishan-Toa Payoh to Bedok
    30/30e Bedok to Jurong West
    32 Clementi to Bedok
    33 Clementi to Bedok
    36 Loyang to Tampines
    45 Bedok to Seletar
    48,74,74e,91,92/M,111 & 191 Clementi to Bukit Merah
    50 Bishan-Toa Payoh to Hougang-Sengkang
    51 Hougang-Sengkang to Clementi
    52 Bishan-Toa Payoh to Clementi
    53 & 55 Serangoon-Eunos to Bishan-Toa Payoh
    57 Bukit Merah to Bishan-Toa Payoh
    58 & 59 Serangoon-Eunos to Loyang
    61 Choa Chu Kang-Bukit Panjang to Serangoon-Eunos
    62 Loyang to Sengkang-Hougang
    66 Bulim to Bedok
    67 Choa Chu Kang-Bukit Panjang to Tampines
    72 Tampines to Seletar
    77 Bulim to Bukit Merah
    78 Bulim to Clementi
    79 Bulim to Jurong West
    82 & 85 Loyang to Sengkang-Hougang
    90 Serangoon-Eunos to Bishan-Toa Payoh
    93 Bukit Merah to Serangoon-Eunos
    96,282,284 & 285 Bulim to Clementi
    97,97e,143/M & 183 Bulim to Clementi
    99 Clementi to Jurong West
    100 Clementi to Serangoon-Eunos
    105 Serangoon-Eunos to Clementi
    106 Bulim to Bukit Merah
    117 Sengkang-Hougang to Sembawang-Yishun
    119 Loyang to Sengkang-Hougang
    124 Bishan-Toa Payoh to Bukit Merah
    129 Tampines to Bishan-Toa Payoh
    132 Sengkang-Hougang to Bukit Merah
    156 Clementi to Sengkang-Hougang
    157 Bishan-Toa Payoh to Bulim
    160/M & 170/A/X Bukit Merah to Clementi
    174/174e Clementi to Bulim
    176 Choa Chu Kang-Bukit Panjang to Bukit Merah
    178 & 187 Woodlands to Bulim
    186 Bishan-Toa Payoh to Bukit Merah
    188/188e/188R Choa Chu Kang-Bukit Panjang to Bukit Merah
    197 Clementi to Bedok
    506 Bedok to Bulim
    825 Sembawang-Yishun to Seletar
    850E Seletar to Sembawang-Yishun
    851/851e & 852 Seletar to Sembawang-Yishun
    853/M & 854/854e Sembawang-Yishun to Seletar
    961 Woodlands to Sembawang-Yishun
    963/963e & 963R Sembawang-Yishun to Woodlands

    Reply
  • 25 June 2020 at 8:43 AM
    Permalink

    If I’m the authority i will award the bus package for 7 years and an extension of 3 years for good performance instead of the usual 5 & 2.
    I will award Bulim to TTS.
    Loyang to GAS.
    Seletar to TTS.
    Bukit Merah to SBST.
    Sembawang-Yishun to SBST.
    Sengkang-Hougang to SBST.
    Bedok to SBST.
    Choa Chu Kang-Bukit Panjang to GAS.
    Woodlands to SMRT.
    Tampines to SBST.
    Jurong West to SBST.
    Serangoon-Eunos to SMRT.
    Clementi to SMRT.
    Bishan-Toa Payoh to SBST.

    East West Line to SMRT.
    North South Line/BP LRT to SBST.
    North East Line/SK & PG LRT to SMRT.
    Circle Line to SBST.
    Downtown Line to GAS.
    Thomson-East Coast Line to TTS.
    Jurong Region Line to SMRT.
    Cross Island Line to SMRT.

    Reply

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