Yutong E12

Yutong E12
Yutong E12 (Photo: LTA)
Manufacturer Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co., Ltd.
Bodywork Yutong Integral
Years in operation 2020—Present
Operators TBC
Length 12 metre
Motor Permanent magnet synchronous motor
Battery LiFePO4 (Capacity TBC)
Accessibility Low Floor
Emission Standard Zero tailpipe emissions

The Yutong E12 is a fully electric single-deck city bus manufactured by Yutong in China. The Chinese manufacturer sells electric buses of different lengths and sizes for local and international markets.

10 units of the Yutong E12 bus were procured by the Land Transport Authority in 2018 as part of efforts to build a more environmentally friendly public bus fleet. A further 10 more Yutong E12DD double-deck electric buses would be acquired, for a total of 20 Yutong electric buses. In total, 60 electric buses were procured from three separate manufacturers at a total sum of S$50.64 million.

Bus operators in China are primary customers of the Yutong E12, with units operating in multiple Chinese cities.  The bus has been successfully exported overseas, with units entering service in Santiago (Chile), Strasbourg and Marseille (France), Newport (UK), Helsinki (Finland), Roskilde (Denmark), and more.

Individual units have also been trialled in various parts of Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.

Background

The Yutong E12 is marketed as a capable electric city bus featuring a suite of driver assistance features, passenger comfort and safety. The bus design incorporates large-capacity lithium iron phosphate batteries which allow the bus to travel roughly between 230 km and 300 km a single charge, under urban road conditions. However, the actual battery capacity of the Singapore units is to be confirmed.

Different range and power consumption figures have been quoted by different sources around the internet, depending on local route conditions under which the Yutong E12 was trialled. A range of 320 km has been quoted at 20°C without air-conditioning on.

Yutong ReCtrl Electric Drive

Yutong's Electric Drive Technology (Click to expand)

Yutong’s electric drive technology platform is called ReCtrl (or 睿控). In its most iteration, ReCtrl 4.0 (first released in 2017) combines four electric control technologies and four smart technologies as such:

  1. Electric drivetrain
    — highly efficient electric motor replaces the traditional automatic transmission, offering smoother speed changes and reducing maintenance costs
  2. Regenerative braking
    — motor acts as a generator during braking, recovering kinetic energy into electrical energy which is stored in the batteries
  3. Electric steering
    — electro-hydraulic power steering requiring least steering effort
  4. Electric air-conditioning
    — automatically-adjusted heating/cooling with independent zone control, offering at least 15% energy savings over traditional vehicle air-conditioners
  5. Intelligent vehicle energy management system
    — overall management of energy consumption (such as drivetrain and auxiliary systems), using onboard electronic control units and CAN bus network
  6. Intelligent climate control
    — air-conditioning compressor reacts automatically to deliver optimum cooling capacity
  7. Intelligent telematics
    — key vehicle operating parameters are transmitted over the internet for health and status monitoring
  8. Intelligent charging
    — vehicle charging performance is recorded for monitoring

As illustrated by graphics produced by Yutong, the E12 appears to split its battery packs between the rear section and the roof of the bus, with the roof-mounted batteries typically taller than the air-conditioning unit.

The Yutong E12 buses for Singapore appear to have the roof-mounted batteries split into two separate housing units; in front of and behind the air-conditioner, making for a split-type design.


Introduction

The Yutong E12 is a fully electric city bus manufactured by the Chinese company Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co., Ltd (郑州宇通客车股份有限公司), which manufactures road vehicles (primarily buses). The E12 is just one of Yutong’s electric bus products, alongside hybrid and regular diesel buses.

Photos of the Yutong E12 first appeared in Chinese commercial vehicle website 提加商用车网 in September 2019. The bus is seen navigating a test track located within Yutong’s assembly plant in Zhengzhou, China.

In comparison with Yutong E12 buses produced for other markets, the Yutong E12 buses in Singapore appear to have the roof-mounted batteries split into two separate housing units; in front of and behind the air-conditioner, making for a split-type design. More information on the drivetrain can be found in the “Background” section above.

Basic Technical Specifications (To Be Confirmed)
Electric Motor Yutong permanent magnet synchronous electric motor;
Nominal power/torque of 120 kW/1400Nm, Maximum power/torque of 240 kW/2850Nm
Battery / Charging Lithium iron phosphate battery (Capacity 375kWh)
Charged via CCS Type 2 (providing DC charge)
Bodywork Yutong integral bodywork (Steel monocoque structure). Built in Zhengzhou, China.
EDS LECIP Electronic Display Sign
Orange LED Matrix; Mounted on Front, Left side and Rear
PIDS LECIP OBC-VISION Passenger Information Display System
LED text displays, LCD display screens, interior speakers & exterior speaker
Passenger Capacity 28 Seated Passengers + 52 Standing Passengers
2 Wheelchair Bays
Additional Specifications SMC Transit door systems
Ster New City
seats
TNT Surveillance Forward and Side collision warning system
TNT Surveillance
Golden Eye Anti-Fatigue System
Automatic Passenger Counting System
USB Charging Ports
Interior mood lighting
LTA Infographic on Yutong E12, BYD K9 & ST Engineering Retrofitted E BUS

Bus Display at Ulu Pandan Bus Depot

On 11 November 2019, the Yutong E12 (SG3098L), BYD K9 & MAN A22 Retrofitted Electric Bus were displayed at a press event at Ulu Pandan Bus Depot. These buses would be deployed for revenue service in early 2020.

As part of LTA’s efforts to build a more inclusive public transport system, the front door of the Electric Buses procured by LTA will not have the centre pole to allow easier access for parents with open strollers.


NARI Bus Charger (Photo: Public Transport Council FB Page)

Fleet

The 10 Yutong E12 buses would be registered as SG3090H – SG3099J.

Charging Infrastructure

For the overnight charging of the Yutong E12 buses, overnight chargers have been installed at Bulim Bus Depot and Loyang Bus Depot, supplied by NARI.


Gallery (Pre-Revenue Service):

18 October 2019:

 

View this post on Instagram

 

On the 18th of October 2019, this Yutong E12 was seen roaming around the west side of Singapore. The occupants onboard consist of SMRT staff only, leading me to conclude that SMRT would be one of the operators of this bus. Here seen is one of the buses with the registration plate of ‘SG3097P’. While this bus looks oddly weird, do pay attention to the placard at the front of the bus saying ‘Bus 8’ which leads me to conclude that there are at least 8 of these buses that will be seen roaming around Singapore in a few months time. This bus illustrated in the photograph is currently based in Bulim Bus Depot. #SG3097P on #OFFSERVICE ___________________________________ #singapore #singaporebus #singaporebuses #lta #ltasg #green #sg❤️bus #yutong #yutonge12 #smrt #smrtbus #smrtbuses #sbst #sbstbus #sbstbuses #towertransitsingapore #tts #ttsbus #ttsbuses #goaheadsg #gas #gasbus #gasbusea #goaheadsingaporebus #goaheadsingaporebuses

A post shared by @ sbs2822h on


See Also:
External Links & References:

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Original publish date: 1 September 2019

9 thoughts on “Yutong E12

  • 30 November 2019 at 5:14 PM
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    So they orginated from China. But how did China send the Yutong E12 buses to Singapore?

    Reply
  • 9 November 2019 at 4:31 PM
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    I think the electric buses starts with SG3050 which is after Volvo B5LH

    Reply
  • 18 October 2019 at 9:19 PM
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    The EDS is the 24×192 LECIP units, similar to those on the B5LH.

    Reply
  • 15 September 2019 at 6:12 AM
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    Doesn’t mean successful in China and Europe will be successful here in tropical climate Singapore…The most they will deploy for split shift or shorter hours operation..

    Reply
    • 15 September 2019 at 11:29 AM
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      They are not hybrid buses btw.

      Reply
  • 14 September 2019 at 10:02 PM
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    eds same as b5, using the exterior stn panel as well

    Reply
    • 26 September 2019 at 7:59 PM
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      The bodywork looks like Gemilang

      Reply
        • 28 November 2019 at 9:07 PM
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          What make and model, air conditioners are fitted to the buses?

          Reply

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