|Alexander Dennis Enviro500 (3 Door)
|Manufacturer||Alexander Dennis Limited (ADL)|
|Years in operation||2021–|
|Transmission||Voith DIWA 864.6|
|Accessibility||Low Floor & Wheelchair-accessible|
|Emission Standard||Euro VI (SCR)|
In April 2019, Singapore’s Land Transport Authority (LTA) procured 50 units of the Alexander Dennis Enviro500 double-deck bus, configured with three doors and two staircases for smoother boarding and alighting. These are the first Enviro500 3-door buses to be specifically designed for the right-hand-drive market.
These buses were procured under Contract PT342 (Procurement of 3-Door Euro 6 Double Deck Diesel Buses) for ~S$34 million. In total, 100 three-door diesel buses were procured, with ST Engineering Land Systems fulfilling the other half of orders with its 50 MAN A95 (Euro 6) – 3-Door buses. Both bus types were initially expected to enter revenue service in 2020 (delayed to 2021).
This is the third batch of ADL Enviro500 buses supplied for Singapore’s public bus industry. Check out the main article: Alexander Dennis Enviro500 for more background information on the bus model.
Prior to the introduction of these buses, a one-off Alexander Dennis Enviro500 (3-Door) Concept Bus was commissioned by the LTA as a static display. It was first exhibited to the public in March 2016, and later received an upgraded new air-conditioning system in 2018 for use as a permanent display, with minor amendments to the bus cabin.
Enviro500 buses in Singapore:
These 50 new Alexander Dennis Enviro500 (3 Door) Buses would join the existing operational fleet of 216 ADL Enviro500 public buses in Singapore, procured in 2 batches. They will also be the first Euro 6 Enviro500 buses in Singapore.
- 201 Alexander Dennis Enviro500
Entered revenue service in June 2014
- 15 Alexander Dennis Enviro500 (Batch 2)
Entered revenue service in August 2017
According to Alexander Dennis Limited (ADL), the bus features a full-flat floor design along with three passenger doors and two staircases, one at the front and one at the rear of the vehicle, allowing commuters to move through the vehicle quickly and safely. It will also use the latest aluminium composite body technology and a host of new safety and energy-saving features.
The rearmost axle is used as the drive axle, which differs from the standard Enviro500 offering where the middle axle is the drive axle. Significant redesign work was likely involved in relocating the engine and drivetrain components to the right, accommodating the right-hand-drive, full-low-floor layout.
Alexander Dennis Enviro500 (Euro 6) – 3-Door Batch
Buses are expected to be delivered and enter service in Singapore in 2021. Registration numbers for the 50 ADL buses are to be confirmed.
|Basic Technical Specifications|
|Engine||Mercedes-Benz OM936, 7700cc
Power/torque rating of 260 kW (354 hp) @ 1800 rpm / 1400 Nm @ 1200 – 1600 rpm
|Emission Standard||Euro VI-compliant
BlueEFFICIENCY Power, BlueTec® SCR diesel technology (with EGR), common-rail fuel injection system. Requires diesel exhaust fluids such as AdBlue.
|Transmission||Voith DIWA 864.6 gearbox, four-speed automatic|
|Bodywork||Enviro500 3D2S Bodywork
Chassis and bodywork produced in Zhuhai, China, and shipped completely-built-up (CBU) to Singapore.
|Electronic Display Sign (EDS)||LECIP Electronic Display Sign
Orange LED Matrix; Mounted on Front, Left side and Rear
|PIDS||LECIP OBC-VISION Passenger Information Display System
LED text displays, LCD display screens, interior speakers & exterior speaker
|Driver Assistance||Collision warning system (Model TBC)
Anti-fatigue system (Model TBC)
|Additional Specifications||Automatic Passenger Counting System (Entrance & Exit doors), model TBC
USB charging ports
Stroller restraint system
Contract PT342 (Procurement of 3-Door Euro 6 Double Deck Diesel Buses) was published by the Land Transport Authority (LTA) on 15 May 2018, and awarded on 25 April 2019. Alexander Dennis and ST Engineering Land Systems would deliver 50 buses each, namely the Alexander Dennis Enviro500 and the MAN A95 (Euro 6).
Tender specifications for the three-door double-deck bus call for one entrance and two exit doors and the rearmost exit door must be behind the rear axle. In addition, the bus has two staircases and built in a low-floor design. Buses are also limited to a maximum length of 12.5 metres. These buses are also Euro 6 (or Euro VI)-compliant, representing the latest in emission standards which came into effect since 1 January 2018 for all new diesel vehicles registered in Singapore.
Existing LTA requirements for new buses include two wheelchair bays; a Passenger Information Display System (PIDS) comprising LED text displays, LCD display screens and interior speakers; Advanced Driver Assistance System and Anti-Fatigue system; high-definition CCTV cameras; and automatic passenger counters at entrance and exit doors of the bus.
Transition to clean energy bus fleet
The 100 three-door double-deck buses under Contract PT342 are the last pure-diesel buses to be procured for the Singapore public bus industry.
Authorities announced during the Committee of Supply Debate 2019 that Singapore would commit to a 100% clean energy bus fleet by 2040. This commitment was further reaffirmed in the Committee of Supply Debate 2020 held in March, where it was announced that only electric or hybrid buses would henceforth be procured in line with this clean energy goal.
Design Features & Challenges
Prior to this tender, European bus manufacturers typically made fully-low-floor chassis targeted at their domestic left-hand-drive (LHD)-dominant market. As a result, drivetrain components are offset to the left of the chassis to accommodate a full-low-floor design and an optional third door at the rear. Given that the tender called for a right-hand-drive (RHD), full-low-floor diesel bus with a third door at the rear overhang, bus manufacturers faced the challenge of modifying existing designs to fulfil this (relatively) small batch of buses in the most economical way.
Alexander Dennis Limited (ADL) had relocated the engine and drivetrain components of the Enviro500 (3-door) buses to the right of the chassis, likely requiring significant engineering effort. This new powertrain layout allows for a full-low-floor right-hand-drive bus, the first of its kind for ADL.
ADL had previously delivered 3-door Enviro500 units in left-hand drive (LHD) specification to Transports publics de la région lausannoise (TL) and PostAuto in Switzerland; and to Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) in Berlin, Germany. While Enviro500 buses typically feature Cummins engines, the BVG units are fitted with the Mercedes Benz OM936 engine from Daimler. The 3-door Enviro500 buses for the Singapore market also feature the same Mercedes-Benz engine, which is identical to that in the Mercedes-Benz Citaro hybrid.
One unique consequence of the redesign is that the rear axle is now the drive axle, instead of the middle axle. This was previously identified in the concept renders released by ADL shortly after the announcement of the tender result in 2019, and since confirmed to be so, based on pictures of the actual bus.
Assembly in China
All ADL Enviro500 buses in Singapore (except for SMB5001A) are assembled in Zhuhai (Guangdong Province, China), where ADL buses are manufactured for the Asia-Pacific market.
The earlier ADL Enviro500 buses in Singapore all had chassis produced in Pasir Gudang, Malaysia, where ADL formerly had a partnership with Sime Darby TMA Sdn Bhd. Following the end of that operation, chassis manufacturing moved to Zhuhai Guangtong Vehicle Manufacture Co. Ltd.
- Alexander Dennis Enviro500
- Alexander Dennis Enviro500 Concept Bus
- 100 Three-door Double-Decker Buses Procured by LTA
- 3-Door Buses compared: ADL Enviro500 and MAN A95
External Links & References:
- LTA Awards Contract for 100 Three-Door Buses to Two Tenderers – LTA [Accessed 12 Feb 2021]
- 50 New Alexander Dennis Enviro500 Double Deckers for Singapore in New Three Door, Two Staircase Layout – Alexander Dennis [Accessed 12 Feb 2021]
- Alexander Dennis launches Class II interurban Enviro500 double deck at Busworld Europe | Alexander Dennis (alexander-dennis.com) [Accessed 12 Feb 2021]
- BVG Berlin presents first two Enviro500 double-deckers from Alexander Dennis – Urban Transport Magazine (urban-transport-magazine.com) [Accessed 12 Feb 2021]
- Mercedes-Benz Truck Euro VI Engines. (mercedes-benz.com) [Accessed 12 Feb 2021]
- Guangtong Manufacture – Brand Intro – 珠海广通控股有限公司 (gtk-china.com) [Accessed 13 Mar 2021]