|Manufacturer||ST Engineering Land Systems|
|Years in operation||2019|
|Operators||Sentosa Development Corporation (Future)|
|Accessibility||Low Floor & Wheelchair-accessible|
|Emission Standard||NA (Zero tailpipe emissions)|
The Singapore Technologies (ST) Autonomous Mini-bus, or the ST Autobus, is an autonomous, low-floor, battery-electric single-deck city bus built by ST Engineering Land Systems (formerly known as ST Kinetics).
2 units of the ST Autobus will be trialled for 3 months in 2019, operating a 5 km route within Sentosa Island (likely the Sentosa Beach Tram Route), alongside another 2 units of Navya Autonom Shuttle.
On 10 April 2017, ST Kinetics (presently ST Engineering Land Systems) announced that it will develop four Mobility-on-Demand-Vehicles (MODVs) with Sentosa Development Corporation (SDC) and the Ministry of Transport (MOT). These vehicles are the ST Autobus and Navya Autonom Shuttle.
The ST Autobus was put on static display during the Singapore Airshow 2018 as part of a booth by ST Engineering.
The buses are registered under Research and Development, with one unit bearing the plate number RD3153M.
The Mini-Bus is fitted with an array of sensors which enables it to navigate on its own in urbanised areas with or without the aid of GPS. It is also able to sense and recognise its surroundings and obstacles such as vehicles and pedestrians in a safe and reliable way, without compromising passengers’ safety.
Plug-in Charging System
See Also: Autonomous Buses in Singapore
|Basic Technical Specifications|
|Size||6.8m (Length) x 2.3m (Width) x 3m (Height)|
|Weight||Curb Weight: 6,600kg | Gross Vehicle Weight: 9,900kg|
|Motor / Battery||Electric Motor paired with Lithium Titanate Oxide batteries, 46 kWh|
|Bodywork||Not Applicable (Integral bodywork)|
Standard: 10 Seated, 12 Standing, 1 Wheelchair
|Door||1 Door; 1 emergency door|
|Maximum Operating Speed||Up to 40 km/h|
|Operating Range||30 – 50 km, depending on operating scenarios|
The Mini-Bus can be summoned through a Ride-on-Demand app, which uses a back-end Robotics Management System to calculate the best route.
Once a request is confirmed, the commuter can make his way to the predetermined stop, and wait for the ride.
Complementing this with other transit services, commuters can cut down on transfers.
The autonomous bus trial:
On 5 June 2018, in a joint press release with MOT, SDC, and STE, a three-month operational trial was announced for 2019, with commuters being able to hail the autonomous buses via their smartphones or at designated kiosks set up along the 5 km route on Sentosa Island. The 5 km route is believed to the be Sentosa Beach Tram route, plying from Beach Station to Siloso Point, Palawan Beach, and Tanjong Beach.
The trial was mentioned back in April 2017, as part of a partnership between Ministry of Transport and Sentosa Development Corporation for a two-year trial involving MODVs. Routes identified back then for the autonomous vehicles were between Tanjong Beach – Siloso Point, Palawan East – Siloso Point & Sentosa Golf Club – Imbiah Lookout.
From 5 June 2018, the autonomous shuttles were tested along a 1 km stretch of service road at Tanjong Beach to iron out their operational systems and safety protocols. The testing would be progressively extended to a 2km route linking Palawan and Siloso beaches by the end of 2018. During the testing phase, the autonomous vehicles will not ferry commuters.
As part of the trial, ST Kinetics developed a platform agnostic fleet management system which will analyse passenger demand planning and optimise route management in ride-sharing services.
External Links & References:
- Driverless buses to be rolled out on Singapore’s roads by 2020 – ChannelNewsAsia
- Driverless buses may hit S’pore roads from 2020 – Today Online
- Sentosa testing autonomous shuttle; public trial to begin in 2019 – ChannelNewsAsia