MAN A22 Electric Bus conversion project

Main Article: ST Engineering Retrofitted Electric Bus

ST Engineering (Land Systems), in cooperation with Finnish electric bus manufacturer Linkker, is undertaking a project to refit an existing MAN A22 (or MAN NL323F) bus into an electric bus.

The bus was showcased on 11 September 2019, at an event held at Ulu Pandan Bus Depot. Registered as SG3100M, it has since been repainted into LTA’s Lush Green livery. It returned to revenue service on Service 176 on 5 October 2021.

Facts at a glance:

  • 12.0m length, 91 passengers
  • 10 minutes quick charging via pantograph: up to 48km range with 75kWh charge

Early Days

Previously, information with regards to this modification project is scarce, but ST Engineering’s 2017 Annual Report revealed that the company was awarded an LTA tender to retrofit a single-deck electric MAN bus as a proof-of-concept. The tender is believed to be a closed tender, with LTA not making any references to the tender within its annual reports published in that period.

At the same time, ST Engineering is working with Linkker to bring its electric bus technologies into the Singapore market.

The Bus

Main Article: ST Engineering Retrofitted Electric Bus

The bus selected for retrofitting was SMB3075A, a Euro V MAN NL323F bus (Chassis no.: WMAA22ZZXD7001880) bodied with the MAN Lion’s City Hybrid bodywork assembled by Gemilang Coachworks. First registered to SMRT Buses on 2 September 2013, it was first laid up from October 2017 to October 2018, which indicated that the bus would be taken out of service for a prolonged period of time (during which it is exempted from road tax). It bore SMRT’s beige livery at launch before being repainted to SMRT’s pixel livery.

In June 2018, PLG Logistics featured the transportation of the bus from Singapore to Turku (Finland), on their website, as an example of logistics undertaken by the company.

Coincidentally, Linkker buses are also operating in the port city of Turku, but the company’s headquarters and manufacturing facility are located elsewhere in Finland.

Linkker Retrofit Kit
Linkker Retrofit Kit

It is believed that the MAN A22 will undergo modification works in Finland and retrofitted with Linkker’s own electric drivetrain, which is supplied by Danish manufacturer Danfoss. Apart from selling whole buses, Linkker also manufacturers retrofit kits for other bus bodies, which mainly consists of the electric drivetrain and other peripheral equipment.

ST Engineering (Land Systems) is currently an authorised distributor of Linkker right-hand drive electric buses in the Asia-Pacific region, with a partnership inked in 2017 and Linkker cited as an “Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)”.

Apart from this project, ST Engineering (Land Systems) is also working with Linkker on various projects such as the STE-Linkker Autonomous Electric Bus, and the fulfillment of 20 single-deck electric buses (Linkker LM312) procured by LTA expected for delivery in 2020. The company was one of three successful tenderers, the others being BYD and Yutong, who will deliver a combined 60 electric buses between 2019 and 2020.

Main Article: ST Engineering Retrofitted Electric Bus

Other electric bus conversion projects

e-troFit, a German company, is also developing electric bus conversion kits. As of 2019, it has demonstrated its technology on one 2004 Mercedes-Benz Citaro, replacing the Euro III drivetrain with an electric one.

ZF supplies powertrain components for the e-troFit kit, specifically the ZF AxTrax electric portal axle with two in-wheel motors AxTrax, adopted also by Mercedes-Benz and Solaris for their eCitaro and Urbino electric buses respectively.

External Links & References:

Back to Electric Buses in Singapore
Back to Bus Models

Original publish date: 5 December 2018

3 thoughts on “MAN A22 Electric Bus conversion project

  • 18 August 2019 at 10:42 PM

    I saw this bus under storage in Kranji. Seems like they are not shipping it to Finland so soon

  • 5 December 2018 at 1:21 AM

    Are they planning something similar for SG5917 as well? That bus has apparently been put in storage.

    • 18 August 2019 at 10:41 PM

      Nope, SG5917K did not have an operator; however as of now it has been assigned to SBST HGDEP


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